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student discussion

student discussion

student discussion

Question Description

Student a post (60 words response for the post is required)

Confirmation bias is to seek out information that confirms your point of view. Other wards when a person is faced with disconfirming evidence, they will exhibit what is called “confirmation bias,” the act of seeking out any information that will make their point plausible. Gorbach (2017) tells us “We all have built-in prejudices and predispositions, in fact, those biases can act as a barrier between your brain and the reliable information you need to make sound decisions.” It is vital as a researcher to be aware of confirmation bias and understand how it works in the subconscious for one to search out information that is reliable even if it conflicts with one’s point of view. As in the video “5 Ways to Beat Confirmation Bias,” It explains how confirmation bias can be minimized. “Seek out reputable sources, challenge yourself, actively seek out articles with opposing views, and listen don’t argue, listen and take in the information, debate yourself try proving yourself wrong” (Maurer-Risker, 2017).

One of my bias is not reading an article, book, webpage after the first few lines if I don’t like what they are saying. If the words don’t catch my attention within the first few lines or at least the first paragraph, then I go to the next or lay it down. I am terrible about this when listening to podcasts; if I don’t like the sound of the voices, then I will turn it off or switch to another. Now that I am researching for my course studies, I need to push through and give the articles or podcasts a more extended period before I decide it isn’t what I am looking for. I am also aware now that I have bias that I am unaware of and I will need to follow the steps in the video to seek out reliable sources and seek out opposing views so I will have a research paper that is reliable and credible

Learning about confirmation bias has contributed to my growth as a learner and researcher by making me aware that I have built in prejudices and predispositions, causing unaware bias within my way of thinking about the world around me. As I research and learn, I will be aware of my bias; allowing me to seek out information that challenges my point of view and make an informed decision based on reliable information and facts, not information that only agrees with my way of thinking or my bias point of view.


Gorbach, J. (2017, February 24). Cognitive Dissonance Confirmation Bias.

Retrieved from

Maurer, A. (producer) Risker, L. (Ed.). (2017, July 05). 5 Ways to Beat Confirmation Bias.

Retrieved from

Student b post (60 words response for the post is required)

  • Confirmation bias is where you are partial to information that confirms what you already believe, and you tend to ignore information that disproves what you think. Confirmation bias can lead a person to make irrational decisions. Because their mind will look at new information in a way that supports what they already believe even if it does not. “When we talk about bias, we are certainly talking about an inaccurate account of the way things actually are” (Chatfield, pg. 3). A person is naturally happier when the information they gather matches their way of thinking. “It is the peculiar and perpetual error of the human understanding to be more moved and excited by affirmatives than negatives.” (Francis Bacon, 1620)
  • Confirmation bias can lead to selection bias or persuasion bias. Data that the researchers collect will then be incorrect or lean to one side or the other of an issue. “Persuasion bias implies the phenomenon of social influence, whereby one’s influence on group opinions depends not only on accuracy but also on how well-connected one is in the social network” (DeMarzo and Vayanos and Zwiebel. 2003). Jury deliberations are a form of persuasion bias. The process of deliberating involves trying to sway others over to your verdict by repeating the information over and over.
  • To avoid confirmation bias, you need to allow yourself to listen to the views of others. When I am working on a project, I try to gather the data I need from multiple sources to have a complete data set. I also try to look the information I am presenting as if I was the recipient and ask myself, “does it give all of the facts or have I slanted the information one way or the other.”
  • I have always likened myself to a scout. “The scout wants to know what’s really there as accurately as possible” (Galef, 2016). In my post in week one, I referenced that my manager refers to me as “Switzerland”, because I can be neutral on any subject. I always strive to see both sides no matter what I personally think. I am one of those people who drive others crazy because I continually research a subject because I feel there is always more to learn. For example, I have four(4) resources for this post and that is just the ones that I used.
  • Chatfield, T. (2017). Tom Chatfield on critical thinking and bias [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from SAGE Research Methods.
  • Bacon, Francis. THE NEW ORGANON OR TRUE DIRECTIONS CONCERNING THE INTERPRETATION OF NATURE, 1620, pp. 26–238., doi:10.1017/cbo9781139164030.006.
  • Peter M. DeMarzo, Dimitri Vayanos, Jeffrey Zwiebel, Persuasion Bias, Social Influence, and Unidimensional Opinions, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Volume 118, Issue 3, August 2003, Pages 909–968,
  • Galef, Julia. “Why You Think You’re Right — Even If You’re Wrong | Julia Galef.” YouTube, YouTube, 8 Aug. 2016,

Student c post (60 words response for the post is required)

The videos this week were awesome, they had a lot of good information in them. They really helped open my eyes when it comes to being bias. Out of the video’s information bias is only looking at the information one way. This means that you only look for information that flows with your belief system. The only way that this can be minimized is to really look at yourself. Confirmation bias really has everything to do with your beliefs and how you see the world.

I don’t have too many biases when it comes to the topic of leadership. There are some leadership styles that I have had to discuss in the past that in my head would never work, but they say there is a place for in the world. It has to do with the laissez-faire style of leadership, which I don’t think has a place anywhere. I was so bias that I didn’t even pay attention to my ALS (Airman Leadership School). The only way that I can minimize this is to be more open-minded now. There is a part in my assignment where I’m going to have to research it and be able to bring to information out with any bias. I think that videos this week have helped me understand how to change my way of thinking about it.

I think learning about this topic and having the videos to watch will really help. The videos “Why you think you’re right even if your wrong” was really I eye-opening. I enjoyed how she talked about the solider/scout mindset. Coming from the military it helped me understand wholeheartedly. Even the example she used about the French officer was very eye-opening. I couldn’t imagine being jailed for something I didn’t do just because of how you feel about my religion. You can see it in the world we are living in today. We need to improve is judgment by improving the way we feel. We shouldn’t worry about being wrong or feel ashamed. That’s the beauty learning being wrong and figuring out why we are wrong and changing our mindset

Student d nic post (70 words response for the post is required)

During the last two weeks, I have come across a lot of helpful information through the textbook, my peers, and the Instructor. The resources I have come across in just these past two weeks are, a fair use evaluator (Links to an external site.); this tool will help me decided if any work falls in the fair use area. Citation generator (Links to an external site.), I have used the citation machine, and it has helped me out a lot. Another tool is the open-access tool (Links to an external site.), I haven’t used this yet, but it seems like it will be a handy tool in searching out openly used copyrights. It will help keep me from getting into trouble with the copyright laws.

I find it interesting that all of us have hidden bias that we are not aware of. Until I read our course work, I never thought about it, or even considered I was biased in one way or another. When I was asked to name one area I was biased in that could affect my research; I thought, “ What, me biased, about what?”. Once I sat back and thought about it, and looked at how I do things when researching; it was effortless to see my downfall. I have an issue of not giving an article, paper, book whatever it is I am reading more than a few lines to grab my attention. If it hasn’t caught my attention, I push it to the side. So this was very interesting and surprising at the same time for me.

The one thing that is the most confusing for me is all the different ways to cite my sources. One area I am lost on is how do I cite my source if I am using a video? If I use a quote or paraphrase, how do I add a page number or a para. number? Do I use the time stamp where the statement was stated? Other than the video cites, I think I am getting it down as I practice with each assignment or post.

I have learned more about an Annotated Bibliography in this week. Learning how to compose and format one properly, and what it’s primary purpose is, has made me look at an Annotated Bibliography as a tool instead of dreading doing one. student

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