Hi, I have 3 of my classmates’ posts. I need you to respond to each one separately. Also, one source at least for each one of them. Don’t write about how good their posts or how bad. All you need to do is to choose one point of the post and explore it a little bit with one source support for each response. The paper should be APA style.
The question was:
- The Rysaback-Smith article and the Sphere Guidelines discuss some history of humanitarian aid and the basic principles that govern humanitarian aid. Do you see the manner in which humanitarian aid is provided changing? Please describe the change and how it could impact populations requiring aid as well as the impact on providers of humanitarian aid.
this is the 1st post from classmate need for response:
I see the manner in which humanitarian aid is provided changing by limiting the number of organizations allowed in certain countries and also the time in which these organizations can stay. There has been a significant shift from short term aid to long term aid because NGO’s want to mitigate the conditions (Rysaback
Within the next few years, I think agencies in partnership with the affected countries will develop a transitional phase that allows for aid workers to slowly pull out of the area without altogether abandoning the area (Cornell, 2007) while the community is able to re-establish itself and return to a better state than prior to the disaster. I think at first this idea of a shortened deployment period and increase community involvement will receive massive push back from the community affected and possibly some NGO’s. This is because they are used to deliver aid in a specific way, and also they could feel that the nations do not want to help them. However, in the long term, the effects of future disasters will not be as detrimental
Cornell, R. (2007). Financing Development: Aid and Beyond OECD. Development Centre Perspectives12-15.
Humanitarian aid has been changing throughout history.
Humanitarian aid has evolved from a segregated kind of assistance delivered to war participants alone to include public health initiative and later disasters. It has become more
I do see a shift in how humanitarian aid is provided, largely based upon how the world itself has changed. Organizations are more equipped to help those suffering from disasters because they now have better technology to facilitate the mobilization of resources, more advanced healthcare, tools and cultural competence needed to understand the needs of the local community, and effective risk reduction strategies due to increased international cooperation (Coppola, 2015, pp. 10-24). Although the world has gotten better at responding internationally to disasters, the world is still changing. We are seen an increase in the number of people affected by disasters and the cost associated with that. Additionally, the actual amount of disasters, and notably technological disasters, have been on the rise (Coppola, 2015, pp. 30-32). It’s my fear, that they will continue to rise as humanity continues to decimate the environment and increase population density in urban and suburban areas.
Since there are statistically more disasters now than in the past, I could see a widening gap between the economies of rich and poor countries. It’s generally harder for those in a lower socioeconomic class to recover economically from disasters, and I think that the principle can be applied generally to countries as well. There’s a great graphic on page 17 in the required text by Coppola (2015) that illustrates what happens to countries when faced with a disaster. Essentially, if the frequency of impact increases the situation becomes like trying to swim in the ocean. Every time you come up for air another wave knocks you back down so it’s progressively harder to recover. Humanitarian aid can help shorten the reconstruction period, which is why it is so critical to improve recognition and delivery methods. People are affected more often, and so the need and cost of providing relief may rise as it has been.
Along with the previously discussed issues, the reliance on international aid could pose a threat to the mindset of building local resiliency. If someone else comes in and rebuilds each time disaster strikes then why should I bother to prepare to recover from similar events? How can I educate myself to be able to prepare for next time? Rysaback-Smith (2016) wrote that “as-needed provision of assistance [is] preferred over long term and complex developmental strategy” by most governing bodies, which furthers this quick-fix mentality. Treating a symptom in medicine usually does not eradicate the underlying chronic disease, and the same principles can be applied to international disaster management.
Obviously, it’s hard to predict how the dynamic between NGOs, governments, disaster victims, and other stakeholders will shift in the future. I hope that we can recognize current flaws in the systems and employ a multidirectional approach to help lessen the impact of disasters through building culturally-appropriate resiliency, streamlining international legislation, and developing more sophisticated models that incorporate how to provide aid instead of simply what aid to provide.
Coppola, D. (2015). Introduction to international disaster management(3rd ed.). Oxford: Elsevier, Inc.
Rysaback-Smith H. (2016). History and Principles of Humanitarian Action. Turkish journal of emergency medicine, 15(Suppl 1), 5–7.
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